A village which gradually develops into an urban village, exhibiting both the traits of ruralism as well as equipped with infrastructure of an urban centre, with capacity to function both as growth and service centre and consequently generating a higher rate and volume of socio-economic development among the adjacent less developed villages, has been termed as a Rural Town. With an exploratory-cum-diagnostic research design and through the application of all the relevant research techniques all the tentative hypotheses were put to test and validated. The major findings are: There is a significant check in the volume of rural emigration to distant places. There is an alarming increase, in the tendency towards accepting secondary and tertiary occupations. Generative rural towns have opened many avenues of higher remunerative jobs, and provided easy availability and accessibility to urban like amenities and services. Many significant social changes were also visible. Ultimately it was well substantiated that there had been definitely a positive and effective role of the generative rural towns towards socio-economic development of the adjoining villages of Gorakhpur district in East U.P. Many valuable suggestions have also been recorded to utilize more effectively the agency of generative rural towns in rural India for the socio-economic uplift of the most backward and less developed rural areas of the country. The book is certainly a pioneering effort to highlight the socio-economic transformation of rural villages into rural towns.