The population problem is a burning issue. The increasing gap between developed and developing world will be one of the most important themes of the 21st century. This volume takes a multi-disciplinary approach to the problem, offering a comprehensive review of the theoretical issues and empirical findings that relate to the complex and multi-directional link between poverty and demographic behaviours and outcomes in the contemporary developing world. The starting point of the volume is an exact definition of poverty. The author analyses in detail its causes and effects, both at the micro and macro level, concentrating on those factors and consequences which relate more directly to the demographic sphere. Population growth, household structure amongst the areas covered, with the major themes discussed and elaborated in an introductory overview chapter. This book is likely to be useful for politicians, political economists, industrialists and businessmen besides the student of political science and for those responsible for policies relating to health and poverty.