The study of demographic data has become important in the context of national planning. No effective planning can take place unless the basic data particularly relating to population alongwith a number of socio-economic characteristics are available. North East India comprising of six States and two Union Territorries is of special importance as lot of changes have taken place in this region which have tremendously changed the ecology of their region with direct effect on fertility, morbidity and mortality of the people. The fast pace of the development and education explosion has compelled the demographers to look into the man-power resources and its quality. Keeping this in view the data on population of latest population census of 1981 alongwith various socio-economic characteristics have been presented in a chronological order in the present volume. The material mostly comprises of the composition of population, socio-economic characteristics by giving the figure of the marital status with rural-urban break-up. The book also contains the data of the migrants also with brief analysis both from the point of view of place of birth and last residence. In this context it becomes necessary that the religion and language data of the various units should be taken as base for certain future studies. The figures of the main religions, therefore, have been given for this region, as a whole as well as for all the smaller units. Economic activity of the people, their engagements in various industries etc., have also been dealt to some extent. A brief review of the population of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes along with their literacy rates, economic activity etc., is also given with a view to help the research scholars to take further intensive studies in this direction. A full chapter has been devoted giving the fertility indices alongwith birth and death rates. An endeavour has been made to present the statistics of this region and compare them with the statistics of other neighbouring states and the country as a whole. It is hoped that the statistics presented in this volume will be of great use to the research scholars, demographers, geographers, anthropologists, economists, research institutions, administrators, policy planners, and other interested persons who are likely to be stimulated to make further in-depth studies of the subject.
Mr. S.C. Srivastava M.A. (Economics & Statistics) is currently serving as Asstt. Central Tabulation Officer in the Registrar General. India (Ministry of Home Affairs). He did several advanced courses on planning, designing, population census and related methodology. His fields of President’s Medal and Commemoration Certificate for doing meritorious work in 1981 population census. He is associated with population census of India science 1951 in various capacities. He is the author of Indian Census in Perspective which has already run into three editions and Migration in India, a Paper analysing the migration data of 1961 and 1971, because numerous articles published in various journals.
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