Most of the studies on the problems of children in India discuss their problem at the macro level in the perspective of the country at large. The present volume enjoys the distinction of being one of the earliest to make a study of the children in the state of Bihar. The book provides painstaking analysis of the child situation not only at the state level but also at micro level of a village and a district. The author has brought out the fact that the bulk of rural children live in the condition of social and economic deprivation. They are caught in the vicious circle of poverty, ignorance and illiteracy. To ameliorate their condition the author has made a number of recommendations. For destitute children which constitute the most deprived section of the children, the Government of India provides ameliorative and curative services through voluntary organisations. The book gives a critical analysis of the condition of the destitute and the institutions in which they are placed. Based on the study of the plight of the children at the distict level, the author has presented a model for action plan for child development. The book is of immense value to social scientists, social organisations, planners and administrators who have been working towards a newer India.